The drastic drop in the costs of photovoltaic solar energy since 2010 (82%), have given an important boost to the growth of this sector. In this trend of change in the energy model, there are countries that stand out for their rapid adaptation; well, a Article published in The Conversation last Friday, it highlights the work of India and Turkey, followed by China.
For the period between 2016 and 2018, the researchers have an objective source of data on the development of the photovoltaic sector around the world: the geospatial photography corresponding to each of these years, whose data was processed through a machine learning system. .
By applying artificial intelligence to identify solar panel installations capable of generating at least 10 kilowatts, the scientific team headed by the author of the aforementioned article, Lucas Kruitwagen, from the University of Oxford, estimated that in two years there had been a remarkable growth of 81% worldwide.
India’s leadership is more than proven by more than doubling the overall index: 184%, while Turkey increased solar power generation by 143%, China by 120 and Japan by 119%, according to the report. first global inventory of large generating facilities of solar energy. The researchers did not take into account the individual photovoltaic cells that provide the light to many homes, since a typical generator panel on a small residential roof has a capacity of around 5 kilowatts.
The International Energy Agency projects this growth into the future and estimates that photovoltaic solar power generation capacity should multiply by ten by 2040 if it is intended to contain global warming below 2 ° C. The mapping carried out by the research team allowed the detection of 68,661 solar installations that generated a total of about 423 gigawatts at the end of 2018.
The British author estimates that the growth rate of solar generation becomes more predictable and, as that happens, electricity grid operators “will have to maintain fewer fossil fuel power plants in reserveIn his view, this localization practice could allow governments to better design subsidies to encourage faster growth in the sector and, in particular, to get more households to install solar panels on rooftops.
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